Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive condition that involves a gradual loss of nerve cells in a finite area of the brain, leading to problems with movement control and other non-movement-related symptoms.

Parkinson’s Disease (PD), also called paralysis agitans, shaking palsy, is a debilitating, progressive neurodegenerative disorder which is common in the middle-aged and elderly population, and it is also the second most common neurodegenerative disease following Alzheimer's disease. Approximately 6 million patients worldwide are estimated to be affected by Parkinson’s disease.1 Many Parkinson’s disease patients also suffer from disease related non-motor symptoms e.g. low blood pressure when standing up, mood disorders sensory problems, sleep disorders, loss of sense of smell, constipation and cognitive issues, e.g. memory difficulties, slowed thinking, confusion and in some cases, dementia.2

1. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Lancet.com Published online 8 October, 2016 http://thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140_6736(16)31678_6.pdf (December 2016)

2. http://www.pdf.org/symptoms_nonmotor_early (December 2016)

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